Grades 3 - 12
Help for struggling and inexperienced writersMost expository essays will ask students to give reasons why, so beginning writers tend to begin every expository paragraph the same way: The first reason why, the second reason why, the third reason why Point out that while this is a correct response to the prompt, it is boring. Guide students in their writing so that they use “the ___ reason why” only once in an essay. Other times, they can use these paragraph starters: “One reason is that..., “Another reason…,” I also think…,” “First of all…”, “Secondly…,” “Last of all…,” or “Finally...” There are a variety of transition phrases students can use on page 59 (included). However, if you have students who are really struggling with writing, do not give them these choices of transition phrases. For this lesson, you should select each of the transitions to begin the next paragraphs—at least this first time. Later, they will be able to self-select and write independently!